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专插本考试英语语法详解

更新:2020-03-19| 来源:大牛教育学历提升| 浏览:
导读:英语是专插本考试中除英语专业外所有专业的固定统考科目。但是很多专插本考生的英语成绩都不好,因为对于英语的语法了解太少。为此,本站特意为考生们整理了专插本考试英语语法详解,帮助考生们更好地学习英语语法。

英语是专插本考试中除英语专业外所有专业的固定统考科目。但是很多专插本考生的英语成绩都不好,因为对于英语的语法了解太少。为此,本站特意为考生们整理了专插本考试英语语法详解,帮助考生们更好地学习英语语法。


专插本考试英语语法详解


专插本考试英语语法详解:(一)必须接动名词做宾语的动词


牢记下列要求接动名词做宾语的动词:


acknowledge, advocate, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, admit, confess, consider, delay, deny, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, favor, finish, forgive, imagine, involve, justify, mention, pardon, practice, postpone, recall,recollect,risk, resist, suggest, tolerate。如:


I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two years ago.


专插本考试英语语法详解:(二)动名词做介词短语


考生尤其要识别下列短语中的to是介词,不是不定式符号:


object to, resort to, react to, contribute to, look forward to, be accustomed to, be committed to, be exposed to, be subjected to, be devoted to, be dedicated to, be opposed to, be reconciled to, be contrary to, be (get) used to, come close to, get down to, give oneself up to, prefer…to, see to, set to, take to, in addition to, with regard to, with a view to, on the way to。


专插本考试英语语法详解:时态、语态


时态、语态需要掌握的要点:


专插本考试英语语法详解:(一)表达将来时的形式:


(1)在时间、条件、让步从句中,一般现在时代替将来时,但要注意区别从句的类型,如:


I’ll tell him when you will ring again. 我告诉他你什么时候再来电话。(宾语从句)


比较:I’ll tell him when you ring again.你再打电话时我告诉他。(状语从句)


(2)在make sure, make certain, see (to it) 后的that从句中,谓语动词用一般现在时代替将来时,如:


See to it that you include in the paper whatever questions they didn’t know the answer to last time.


(include 不能用will include或其他形式)


专插本考试英语语法详解:(二)完成时是时态测试的重点,注意与完成时连用的句型和时间状语:


(1)by/between/up to/till +过去时间、since、by the time/when +表示过去发生情况的从句,主句用过去完成时。如:We had just had our breakfast when an old man came to the door.


Between 1897 and 1919 at least 29 motion pictures in which artificial beings were portrayed had been produced.


(表示1919年时已发生的情况)


(2)by +将来时间、by the time/ when +谓语动词是一般现在时的从句,主句用将来完成时。如:


By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed in Europe for two weeks.


I hope her health will have improved greatly by the time we come back next year.


(3)by now、since +过去时间、in/during/for/over/the past/last few(或具体数字)years/days/months,主句用现在完成时, 但在it is +具体时间since/before这一句型中,主句更多的时候不用完成时。如:


The changes that had taken place in air travel during the last sixty years would have seemed completely impossible to even the most brilliant scientists at the turn of the 19th century.


It is four years since John left school.


(4)在It is the +序数词/形容词最高级+that的定语从句中,谓语动词常用现在完成时。如:


It isn’t the first time that I have found myself in an embarrassing situation.


(5)在no sooner…than…, hardly/scarcely…when…句型中,主句常用过去完成时。


专插本考试英语语法详解:(一)完成进行时指动作在完成时的基础上还要继续下去。如:


The company has been promising a rise in salary for ages, but nothing has happened.


时态、语态答题思路:


(1)先根据选项的区别点确定考题要点为时态,然后回到题句中寻找给出的或暗示的时间状语,缩小选择范围,进而选出正确答案;


(2)根据谓语动词与句子主语或非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系,确定句子是主动语态还是被动语态。


专插本考试英语语法详解:非谓语动词的其他考点


专插本考试英语语法详解:(一)接不定式或动名词做宾语都可以,但在意思上有区别的动词的用法


mean to do想要(做某事) propose to do 打算(做某事)


mean doing意味(做某事) propose doing建议(做某事)


forget to do忘记(要做的事) remember to do记得(要做某事)


forget doing忘记(已做的事) remember doing记得(已做过的事)


go on to do继而(做另一件事) stop to do停下来去做另一件事


go on doing继续(做原来的事) stop doing停止正在做的事


regret to do(对将要做的事)遗憾 regret doing(对已做过的事)后悔


专插本考试英语语法详解:(一)不定式的习惯用法


句型:cannot help but do cannot but do


cannot choose but do can do nothing but do


have no choice/alternative but to do


上述句型的意思接近,即“不得不做”、“不禁做”、“不由自主地做”、“不能不做”、“只能做”。如:


Nobody can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.


When I consider how talented he is as a painter, I cannot help but believe that the public will appreciate his gift.


专插本考试英语语法详解:(二)动名词的习惯用法


句型:be busy/active doing sth. have difficulty/trouble/problem doing sth.


It’s no good/use/picnic doing sth. have a good/great/wonderful time doing sth.


spend/waste time doing sth. There is no point/sense/harm/ use doing sth.


cannot help doing sth. There is no doing sth.


I know it isn’t important but I can’t help thinking about it.


Alice was having trouble controlling the children because there were so many of them.


There is no use crying over spilt milk.


4.there be 非谓语动词的用法


(1)做宾语时取决于谓语动词的持续要求。如:


The students expected there to be more reviewing classes before the final exams.(expect要求接不定式做宾语)


(2)做目的状语或程度状语时用for there to be,做其他状语用there being。如:


For there to be successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present. (for there to be…在句中做目的状语)


It isn’t cold enough for there to be a frost tonight, so I can leave Jim’s car out quite safely.


(for there to be…在句中做程度状语)


There being no further questions, we’ll stop here today. (there being…做原因状语)


(3)引导主语用for there to be。如:It is unusual for there to be no late comers today.


(4)做除for外的介词宾语,用there being。如:


He would always ignore the fact of there being such a contradiction in his inner thought.


以上就是对专插本考试英语语法的详细分析及重点说明,考生们可以用作参考。更多专插本备考信息可以咨询咨询老师或阅读站内文章详细了解。


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